戏剧
Theatre

  英国的文学、音乐和戏剧总是共生共存,相得益彰。在十六到十七世纪,音乐几乎出现在每一部上演的戏剧中。威廉·莎士比亚尤其善于借助音乐增强人物和演出的悲剧或喜剧色彩。
  同样,从十六世纪起音乐在戏剧演出中起到愈发重要的作用,作曲家也一直受到剧作家的影响。本杰明·布里顿根据《仲夏夜之梦》改编的歌剧即为一例,他创作的引人入胜的乐曲使莎士比亚那些迷人的角色更添魅力。音乐与戏剧的结合或许在流行歌剧中最为突出,恰如吉尔伯特和萨利文的作品。他们的轻歌剧汲取文学、音乐和戏剧元素,包括莎士比亚的主题,以吸引更多观众。

British literature, music and theatre have always inhabited shared creative spaces. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, music featured in almost every play performed. William Shakespeare, in particular, used music to enhance both tragic and comedic aspects of his characters and productions.

While music has featured heavily in the theatre since the sixteenth century, composers have long been influenced by playwrights. Evidence of this is Benjamin Britten’s adaptation of A Midsummer Night’s Dream which weaves a spellbinding musical score around Shakespeare’s already enchanting characters. This meeting of music and theatre is perhaps most visible in popular opera, exemplified by the works of Gilbert and Sullivan. Such operettas drew on the literary, musical and theatrical, including Shakespearean themes, in order to attract wide audiences.

吉尔伯特
W. S. Gilbert
萨利文
Arthur Sullivan
莎士比亚
William Shakespeare
本杰明·布里顿
Benjamin Britten
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